Compfiles: Catalog Of Math Problems Formalized In Lean


import Mathlib.Data.Fintype.BigOperators
import Mathlib.Data.Fintype.Perm
import Mathlib.Data.Fintype.Prod
import Mathlib.Dynamics.FixedPoints.Basic

# International Mathematical Olympiad 1987, Problem 1

Let $p_{n, k}$ be the number of permutations of a set of cardinality `n ≥ 1` that fix exactly `k`
elements. Prove that $∑_{k=0}^n k p_{n,k}=n!$.

namespace Imo1987P1

open scoped BigOperators Nat
open Finset (range)

theorem imo1987_p1 {n : ℕ} (hn : 1 ≤ n) : ∑ k ∈ range (n + 1), k * p (Fin n) k = n ! := sorry

This problem has a complete formalized solution written by Yury Kudryashov.

The solution was imported from mathlib4/Archive/Imo/Imo1987Q1.lean.

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